Demurrage Detention - General Terms
“Demurrage”: the charge, related to the use of the equipment only, the Merchant pays for carrier's equipment kept beyond the free time offered by the Carrier for taking delivery of goods in the port, terminal or depot.
“Detention”: the charge the Merchant pays for detaining Carrier's equipment outside the port, terminal or depot, beyond the free time.
“Combined Demurrage & Detention” (also called merged D&D): is the charge related to the use of equipment only, the Merchant pays for carrier’s equipment kept beyond the free time offered by the Carrier, when Demurrage and Detention is combined into one single period.
“Free time”: the period of time offered by the Carrier to the Merchant free of charge, covering both demurrage period and detention period, beyond which additional charges such as, but not limited to demurrage and detention charges, will be due to the Carrier.
“Storage Costs”: those costs related but not limited to quay rent, charged to both Carrier's equipment and shipper's equipment for containers staying on ground.
“Reefer Services”: these services such as Power supply and Monitoring.
“Carrier” means the Party on whose behalf the Bill of Lading is issued.
“Merchant” includes the Shipper, Holder, Consignee, Receiver of the Goods, or any Person owning or entitled to the possession of the Goods or of the Bill of Lading or anyone acting on behalf of any such Persons.
Demurrage and Detention and D&D Merged do not include storage costs and reefer services which are charged to the Merchant separately unless duly indicated in the published general tariff of the country.
If not otherwise indicated into the individual published tariffs the following rules of calculations are applied:
- Detention Time:
For import cargo, the detention time is the duration elapsed as from gate-out of the full container till gate-in of the empty container into the assigned terminal or depot. For export cargo, the detention time is the duration elapsed as from the pick-up of the empty container in terminal or depot till gate-in of the full container in the assigned terminal.
- Demurrage Time:
For import cargo, the demurrage time is the duration elapsed as from container discharge from the vessel till gate-out of the full container. For export cargo, the demurrage time is the duration elapsed as from gate-in of the full container into the assigned terminal or depot till full containers loaded on board the designated vessel.
- Merged Demurrage & Detention Time (merged D&D) : For import cargo, the merged D&D time is the duration elapsed as from “discharge” of the vessel of the full container till “return” of the empty equipment to the designated terminal or depot.
For export cargo, the merged D&D time is the duration elapsed as from “pick up” of the empty equipment till full container “loaded” on board the designed vessel.
Each day or part thereof is due in full.
Duration are expressed either in calendar days or in working days.
The first chargeable day is the first day following the last day of free time.
Main abbreviations and conventions used into the published tariffs
|COUNTRY CODE:||UN code for countries ; if not otherwise specified “ALL” means all countries ;|
|IMPORT / EXPORT:||IMPORT means inbound to the concerned port/inland depot; EXPORT means outbound;|
|PLACES:||ALL means: all locations except those places namely listed in this grid; terminal or depot; several places can be listed in the same cell; pre or post carriage mode can be mentioned when required for differentiating the conditions; if not indicated, it excludes the ICD’s / Ramps.|
|SIZE||ALL means: all sizes; if not otherwise indicated “20” means all containers of 20’ length “40” means all containers of 40’ length and beyond this size;|
|TYPE|| If not otherwise specified : |
DRY means: all types of dry equipment GP and SP (reefer equipment excluded);
GP means general purpose equipment and includes High Cubes (HC);
SP means special dry equipment such as but not limited to flat rack, platform, open top, etc…; per default tanks are included into SP;
RF = all types of temperature controlled equipment (also called “Reefer);
NOR means “Non-Operating Reefer”;
This tariff is container related.
|FREE TIME||Free time is expressed in days ;|
|DAYS TYPE|| CALENDAR (C) days: All consecutive days of the period are considered; |
WORKING (W) days: The considered number of days of a period between two dates excludes the non-working day(s) of the week and the public holidays as per law and regulations in the concerned countries;
|AFTER FREE TIME DAYS N||day number since start of the period ;|
|CHARGE||amount per day; each day or part thereof is due in full;|
|CURRENCY||UN code; main currencies used are EURO, GBP or USD; other currencies as required;|
|deMurrage, deTention, merGed|| M = demurrage charge only;|
T= detention charge only;
G = merged demurrage & detention charge